Facts About Mesopotamia geography

Mesopotamian civilization began during 4000 and 3000 BC. It derived its name and existence for lying between the two rivers Tigris and Euphrates which is modern-day Iraq and Kuwait. The history goes back to 5800 BCE where people started living in the fertile crescent, which was formed due to these two famous rivers 1. The geography of Mesopotamia, encompassing its ethnology and history, centered on the two great rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates. Mesopotamia was a historical region situated within the Tigris-Euphrates river system, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq plus Kuwait, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish-Syrian and Iran-Iraq borders Mesopotamia is a term used to refer to a historical region in western Asia within the Tigris-Euphrates river system. Though not certain, it is generally regarded as the place where human societies first emerged and thus it is often referred to as the cradle of civilization. Mesopotamia was the place where the earliest historically important cities developed such as Uruk, Nineveh and Babylon

Mesopotamia means the land between the rivers. (Hippopotamus —river horse—contains the same word for river potam-). A body of water in some form or other is essential to life, so an area boasting of two rivers would be doubly blessed Mesopotamia Facts for Kids ~ All About Mesopotamia 1. Mesopotamia is also known as 'land between rivers' - it was located between two major rivers known as the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. 2 In fact, the word Mesopotamia, derived from ancient G reek, means the land between the rivers. In this case, the rivers are the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. The Tigris is east of the Euphrates or, if you're looking at a map, it's to the right side of the Euphrates Ancient Mesopotamia is located within the Fertile Crescent, but the Crescent covers more geography than ancient Mesopotamia. Today, the Crescent includes such countries as Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Palestine, Iraq, Kuwait, as well as the Sinai Peninsula and northern Mesopotamia. Ancient Mesopotamia was mostly in the same area as modern day Iraq, positioned between two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates The geography of Mesopotamia, encompassing its ethnology and history, centered on the two great rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates.While the southern is flat and marshy, the near approach of the two rivers to one another, at a spot where the undulating plateau of the north sinks suddenly into the Babylonian alluvium, tends to separate them still more completely

Ancient Mesopotamia Geography - HistoryTe

  1. Mesopotamia was the first to prioritize literacy The Sumer people that lived in the southern region of Mesopotamia invented a pictograph form of writing in the 4th millennium BCE. Gradually, this form evolved into the famous cuneiform of writing
  2. Mesopotamia was located in the Fertile Crescent, an area named such because of the fertile soil created by the abundance of water sources. The name Mesopotamia itself means ''in the middle of the..
  3. Facts about Mesopotamia 2: Geography of Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia located between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers, both of which have their headwaters in the Taurus Mountains. Both rivers are fed by numerous tributaries, and the entire river system drains a vast mountains region
  4. The name Mesopotamia refers to an area of land over 7,000 years ago. Today, it is the land that includes mostly Iraq, between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, but also parts of Turkey and Syria...
  5. Mesopotamia is a region of southwest Asia in the Tigris and Euphrates river system that benefitted from the area's climate and geography to host the beginnings of human civilization. Its history is..
  6. All About Mesopotamia Fact 1 Mesopotamian Religion did not believe in the after-life. They believed that all good and bad people go under-ground as ghosts and eat dirt

the Geography of Mesopotamia - GossipSlot

The word Mesopotamia means the land between rivers. When people say Mesopotamia they are referring to a section of land in the Middle East between and around the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Today this land is located mostly in the country of Iraq Human-Environment Interaction The flooding of the rivers caused the mesopotamians to build levees, but the rivers also helped irrigation systems. Which meant that the mesopotamians had more food, or crops to eat. Hope you enjoyed!!! Do to the hot weather in ancient mesopotamia Mesopotamia had a several region with its distinct geography. The major assets of Mesopotamia were water and fertile soil. Mesopotamia was indeed a gift of Tigris and Euphrates. The every year flood from the Tigris and Euphrates river, cover the nearby land with silt, from the river's bottom which was very good for growing the crops

Facts about Mesoamerica 8: Bodies of Water in Mesopotamia Rivers are common throughout Mesoamerica. Usumacinta is the longest river in Mesoamerica, it forms in Guatemala at the convergence of the Salinas or Chixoy and La Pasion River and runs north for 970 km-480 km eventually draining into the Gulf of Mexico Stone is mostly lacking in southern Mesopotamia, although limestone is quarried in the desert about 35 miles to the west and Mosul marble is found not far from the Tigris in its middle reaches. Metal can only be obtained in the mountains, and the same is true of precious and semiprecious stones. Consequently, southern Mesopotamia in particular was destined to be a land of trade from the start Bible and Mesopotamia facts 9. Cartography. The most simplistic maps surviving today are inscriptions on caves and rocks, often showing the area's native landscape. The oldest of these is from 25,000 BC, and it is a map of Mesopotamia. Clay tablets of around 18 x 21 cm were used by Sumerians to identify features they were trying to draw accurately Cultural background Human occupation of Mesopotamia—the land between the rivers (i.e., the Tigris and Euphrates)—seems to reach back farthest in time in the north (Assyria), where the earliest settlers built their small villages some time around 6000 bce. The prehistoric cultural stages of Ḥassūna-Sāmarrāʿ and Ḥalaf (named after the sites of archaeological excavations) succeeded each other here before there is evidence of settlement in the south (the area that was later called Sumer) Geography Of Mesopotamia . Both of the rivers have their headwaters located in the Armenian Highlands. The rivers are part of an extensive river system which also includes numerous tributaries. The region's climate is semi-arid and is home to a vast desert to the north. The rivers integrate and drain into the Persian Gulf

10 Facts About The Ancient Mesopotamian Civilization

The geography of southern Mesopotamia is such that agriculture is possible only with irrigation and with good drainage, a fact which had a profound effect on the evolution of early Mesopotamian civilization. The need for irrigation led the Sumerians, and later the Akkadians, to build their cities along the Tigris and Euphrates and the branches. It was linked with Mesopotamia as early as the Ubaid era, beginning roughly 6,500 BCE, and with Sumer around 2,000 BCE. In the interim, between about 4,000 and 2,000 BCE, a local empire called the Dilmun Civilization controlled the bay of Kuwait, from which it directed trade between Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley civilization in what is now. Mesopotamia was also called Al-Jazirah meaning island and is now modern-day Iraq. Most of Iraq is rough deserts and northern mountainous areas. The dominant climate is hot and arid. Plains along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers are considered the most livable. Iraq's highest point is Haji Ibrahim (11,834 feet) Mesopotamia is a historical region that is rich in culture. It is here that the ancient city of Babylon turned into a city-state and later into a powerful kingdom. The hanging gardens of Babylon are considered to be one of the 7 wonders of the ancient world and are the only one of which the location and even existence can be proven, even though.

The Ancient Egyptian civilization, famous for its pyramids, pharaohs, mummies, and tombs, flourished for thousands of years. But what was its lasting impact?.. The Sumerians are thought to have formed the first human civilization in world history. They lived in southern Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the Middle East. The Sumer Dynasty by Crates. Cradle of Civilization. Many historians think that cities and towns were first formed in Sumer around 5000 BC

Mesopotamia is thought to be one of the places where early civilization developed. It is a historic region of West Asia within the Tigris-Euphrates river system. In fact, the word Mesopotamia means between rivers in Greek. Home to the ancient civilizations of Sumer, Assyria, and Babylonia these peoples are credited with influencing mathematics and astronomy Geography. Mesopotamia is made up of different regions. Northern Mesopotamia is made up of hills and plains. The land is quite fertile due to seasonal rains, and the rivers and streams that come from the mountains.Early settlers farmed the land and used timber, metals, and stone.Southern Mesopotamia is made up of marshy areas and wide, flat, plains.. Ancient Mesopotamia Geography. 880 Words 4 Pages. Essay Sample Check Writing Quality. Show More. The river basins of Euphrates and Tigris became the home of a complex society. This first society of human was located in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia is a Greek word that means, Land between the Rivers. The land between the rivers is. Mesopotamia's geography played an important role in society. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers were crucial to the people of mesopotamia. The geography of Mesopotamia helped the people in ways of providing a keen land for farming, a method of transportation, and a polytheistic religion for society to follow Geography The Kurdistan Region is an autonomous region in Federal Iraq. The Kurdistan Region currently comprises the three governorates of Erbil, Suleimaniah and Duhok

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Fast Facts About Mesopotamia: Modern Ira

17 Mesopotamia Facts for Kids Navajo Code Talker

Mesopotamia is located inside the geographic region called The Fertile Crescent. The Fertile Crescent is now southern Iraq. In Greek, Mesopotamia means the land between the rivers. Mesopotamia is called this because it is located between the Tigris and the Euphrates Rivers. In Northern Mesopotamia the land is fertile and there is seasonal rain Mesopotamia was the home of many different civilizations spanning thousands of years which contributed significantly to world culture and progress. Many of the aspects of daily life taken for granted in the present day, such as writing, the wheel, a code of laws, the sail, the concept of the 24-hour day, beer-brewing, civil rights, and irrigation of crops all were first developed in the land. Problems and Solutions. Mesopotamia faced many problems during the time of the civilization. One of them was the food shortages in the hills. There was a growing population and not enough land to fulfill the food needs for everyone. Also, sometimes the plains didn't have fertile soil

Mesopotamia Geography - HISTORY'S HISTORIESYou are history

  1. Other Important Facts: Mesopotamia is home to one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon. Mesopotamia was the very FIRST civilization. Media: A picture of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which was built as a gift to King Nebuchadnezzar II's wife. The original Code of Laws made by King Hammurabi of Babylon
  2. Hands-on Geography Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia, located in what is now southern Iraq, has been called the cradle of the human race. It is considered by many to be the birthplace of western civilization. Its location between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers is to blame. In fact, Mesopotamia means the land between the rivers
  3. Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris River and the Euphrates River. Interesting Mesopotamia Facts: The land on the sides of the rivers was fertile while the general area was not and this led to irrigation techniques. Mesopotamia's major cities included Baghdad, Babylon and Nippur. Baghdad is located in the middle of Iraq by the Tigris.

Video: Ancient Mesopotamia Geography & Maps - Mesopotamia for Kid

How did geography affect civilization in Mesopotamia? While Mesopotamia's soil was fertile, the region's semiarid climate didn't have much rainfall, with less than ten inches annually. This initially made farming difficult. Irrigation provided Mesopotamian civilization with the ability to stretch the river's waters into farm lands Now I could tell you interesting facts about the ancient mesopotamia geography is very vast and changes as per the ancient mesopotamia geography and enough hydroelectric power sources. The Ethiopian geography is a $25,000 college scholarship and a few minutes a day, babies can easily be attached to a domestic university.. Mesopotamia trade grew organically from the crossroads nature of the civilizations that dwelt between the rivers and the fertility of the land. Because of irrigation, southern Mesopotamia was rich in agricultural products, including a variety of fruits and vegetables, nuts, dairy, fish and meat from animals both wild and domestic

Geography of Mesopotamia - Wikipedi

12 Important Facts about Ancient Mesopotamia - World

  1. Daily life in ancient Mesopotamia cannot be described in the same way one would describe life in ancient Rome or Greece.Mesopotamia was never a single, unified civilization, not even under the Akkadian Empire of Sargon the Great.Generally speaking, though, from the rise of the cities in c. 4500 BCE to the downfall of Sumer in 1750 BCE, the people of the regions of Mesopotamia did live their.
  2. Geography of Sumer. Sumer is surounded on both sides with rivers. The rivers Euphrates and Tigris had, at one point, went into the Persian Gulf independantly, but gradually moved closer and entertered into the Persian Gulf in one river. As these rivers moved out of their positions, sediment and silt was left behind making the area very fertile
  3. g were commonplace in this area because of the fertile land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers
  4. Ancient Babylonia - Geography. See Detailed Map. Where is Mesopotamia? Babylonia was situated in the area known as Mesopotamia (Greek for between the rivers). Mesopotamia was in the Near East in roughly the same geographical position as modern Iraq. Two great rivers flowed through this land: the Tigris and the Euphrates

Mesopotamia: Geography & Climate - Video & Lesson

  1. The Assyrian Empire was one of the major kingdoms in ancient Mesopotamia, which is a historical region situated between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates.Assyria was located in the northern part of Mesopotamia, roughly corresponding to present day northern Iraq, southeastern Turkey, northeastern Syria and northwestern Iran.The history of Assyria is usually divided into four periods: the Early.
  2. Ancient Mesopotamia. Many thousands of years ago, early settlers began to build cities along the banks of the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers, the region known as Mesopotamia. Natural wildlife and vegetation kept these early people fed while they began to build their new world. They were a very clever people
  3. Get facts about ancient Mesopotamia here. Ancient Sumer Facts. Facts about Ancient Sumer 3: a city government. The city government was established to control and order the city states in Sumer. The city was protected with huge walls. Each city state in Sumer was often against each other. When the invaders came, they would enter the city
  4. g and irrigation (it means a way to grow crops by building walls in front of ditches near the rivers so when the water flows heavily the can lift or move the walls and water will flow in so they can grow food)
  5. The Akkadian Empire controlled Mesopotamia from 2271-2154 BCE or so. This gives us a time period in which their culture ruled the day, and we look to their contributions to art. Unsurprisingly when we talk about cultures that conquered large areas, they tend to have artwork that focuses on kings, leaders, and their empire

The geography of Ancient Egypt was an interesting concept from the perspective of the ancient Egyptians themselves. They believed their country was divided into two distinct geographical sections, the black land (the fertile banks of the river Nile) and the red land (the barren desert that covered the rest of the country) 40 Important Facts About the Indus Valley Civilization. Indus valley civilization is a rich civilization and one of the most important civilizations that existed in the world. Ancient India during the Harappan era had one of the largest populations in the ancient world, far greater than the Middle East or Europe

Geography In Ancient Egypt 372 Words | 2 Pages. They thrived economically because of this and culturally. The Nile River in Egypt was an advantage, geographic wise for the development for Egypt. Some regions like Mesopotamia have had experienced problems because of the flooding of their rivers. The nile however had a periodic flooding schedule Bible Archaeology News - Find recent Biblical archaeological discoveries. Background Bible Study - Study the background of ancient cultures. New Testament Israel - Interactive map of first century Israel. Old Testament Israel - Interactive map of Old Testament Israel. Illustrated Bible History - Images and Illustrations for the study of the Bible Egypt's geography, population, history, and military strength have made it highly influential in the region. Egypt is a democratic republic, although some critics claim that it is not truly democratic. Until 2005, there was never more than one presidential candidate to vote for 10 Little Known Facts about Charles Dickens. People / July 9, 2021. July 9, 2021. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, and Charles Dickens penned it all to paper. It was Charles Dickens who introduced the world to the harsh realities of the Victorian age. It was him who immortalized the wonders and miracles of Christmas

Uruk Period Mesopotamia: The Rise of Sumer

Mesopotamian civilizations formed on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in what is today Iraq and Kuwait. Early civilizations began to form around the time of the Neolithic Revolution—12000 BCE. Some of the major Mesopotamian civilizations include the Sumerian, Assyrian, Akkadian, and Babylonian civilizations The pattern of Persia conquest followed by Greek conquest occurred in Ancient Egypt, Ancient Iraq (Mesopotamia), and Ancient India. The only ancient civilization that didn't suffer from the Persian and Greek conquest is ancient China. This is mainly due the the barriers of geography Iraq is dominated by two famous rivers: the Tigris and the Euphrates. They flow southeast from the highlands in the north across the plains toward the Persian Gulf. The fertile region between these rivers has had many names throughout history, including Al-Jazirah, or the island, in Arabic and Mesopotamia in Greek Mesopotamia is a region of southwest Asia in the Tigris and Euphrates river system that benefitted from the area's climate and geography to host the beginnings of human civilization

The economy of ancient Mesopotamia mainly depended on agriculture and trade. Mesopotamia is regarded as the cradle of civilization because it saw the beginning of human settlement in an organized society. One of the main economic activities of ancient Mesopotamia was agriculture, which largely relied on irrigation for success Be sure that math assignments completed by our experts Fun Facts All About Mesopotamia will be error-free and done according to your instructions specified in the submitted order form. 00:30. register Now. Completed Orders: 3106. Never have I ever come across such professional writers, who followed my instructions fully.. Geography of Mesopotamia. The word Mesopotamia means the Land between the Rivers --in this case, the rivers are the Tigris (Tie-grus) River and the Euphrates (You-fray-teez) River. It was about 300 miles long and about 150 miles wide. You could look on a map of the world ALL day long for Mesopotamia, and you'd probably never find it

Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia is a Greek word meaning, Land between the Rivers. The region is a vast, dry plain through which two great rivers, the Euphrates and Tigris, flow. These rivers rise in mountain ranges to the north before flowing through Mesopotamia to the sea Mesopotamia: c. 3500-1200 BC/BCE. Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, social, and religious structures of the civilizations of Mesopotamia. Created in 1467, this map shows the region around the Mediterranean Sea in the Middle East. The inscriptions are in Latin and it was created at Reichenbach Monastery by Nicholaus Germanus

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Geography impacted Mesopotamia by making trade easier, education harsher, and helped guide farmers to better resources. The name Mesopotamia is used to name the zone around the Zagros Mountains. Mesopotamia was first conquered in 5000 BC by the Sumerians. The Semites followed in 2900 BC and geography, integrating topics in civics and the arts, exploring civilizations, cultures, and concepts specified in the Core Knowledge Sequence (content and skill guidelines for Grades K-8) Core Knowledge. H. istory and. G. eoGrapHy ™ units at this level include: Continents, Countries, and Maps Mesopotamia. Ancient . Egypt Three World. About. Mesopotamia is a township located in the county of Trumbull in the U.S. state of Ohio. Its population at the 2010 census was 3,387 and a population density of 125 people per km². After 9 years in 2019 city had an estimated population of 3,193 inhabitants.. Geography. Mesopotamia is located at 41°27'30N 80°57'18W (41.4583900, -80.9550900) Geography of Ancient Sparta. Ancient Sparta was located in the southern/center of Peloponnese. This location provided an advantage from both a defensive and agricultural standpoint. Being surrounded by mountains on three sides and able to control the mountain passes other armies could pass through made Sparta a practical fortress.  The Geography of the Middle East. The Middle East is a large and diverse geographical area located in southwest Asia and northeast Africa. It extends over 2,000 miles from the Black Sea in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south, and about 1,000 miles from the Mediterranean Sea in the west to the mountains of Iran

Mesopotamia and organized into city-states. The development of this Geography of the Fertile Crescent Sumerians described their gods as doing many of the same things humans do—falling in love, having children, quarreling, and so on Egypt is mostly desert, with a thin strip of fertile land down the length of the Nile river. This thin strip of land was kept fertile by the Nile river flooding, which left lots of fertile silt. This means that Egyptians don't/didn't have to add fertilizer. This also kept them near the Nile river as it was the only place that was good for farming Write a title for each geographic feature and a 1-3 sentence description in each cell. Create an illustration that represents each feature using appropriate scenes, characters, and items. To find images that relate to Ancient Mesopotamia, type Mesopotamia into the search bar. Save and submit your storyboard The region that Mesopotamia was in was called the Fertile Crescent. It lies between two rivers; the Tigris and the Euphrates. Because of this, Mesopotamia literally means the land between two rivers. The Fertile Crescent lies in present-day Iraq. It was north of Saudi Arabia, south of present-day Turkey, east of Egypt, and west of India

10 Important Facts about Mesopotamia Less Known Fact

Mesopotamia Facts 499 Words | 2 Pages. Mesopotamia, the land between two rivers, was one of the world's first civilizations. The most memorable facts about Mesopotamia include that Sumer was the first Mesopotamian civilization where the first written language,Cuneiform, and Hammurabi's Code, first code of law to be documented, were established Geography > Fertile Crescent. Fertile Crescent Background. The Fertile Crescent, also known as the Cradle of Civilization is a half-moon shaped cultural area in the region of the Middle East on the continent of Asia.The region normally has an arid or semi-arid climate and is believed to contain some of the most ancient developments of civilization in the Old World

Mesopotamia Lesson for Kids: Facts & Geography Study

The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicag The Great Ziggurat at Ur was most famous ziggurat in Mesopotamia. Originally built by Ur-Nammu in the 21st century B.C., it was 150 feet wide, 210 feet long and over 100 feet high. During the Neo-Babylonian era, the ziggurat had deteriorated to just the base level. It was entirely rebuilt by King Nabonidus in the 6th century B.C 1. This unit covers the history of Ancient Mesopotamia. 2. This unit will include lessons on: (a) The key role of geography in the development of Civilization. (b) Mesopotamia peoples, work, food, shelter. (c) The rule of law, and development of government. (d) The development of written language 20 Points About Asia: Geographical Features and Facts ① Asia is the largest of the world's continents, covering approximately 30 per cent of the Earth's land area. The Equator, Tropic of Cancer and Arctic Circle passes through Asia Ancient Mesopotamia Geography - This land between two rivers was filled with wildlife and edible vegetation making it an attractive area for early man to move in to. Once they figured out how to grow crops there, civilization soon followed. Ancient Egypt Geography - Ancient Egypt had many natural barriers. There were mountains to the south, and deserts to east and west

Mesopotamia - HISTOR

Digital History ID 3807. Slavery Fact Sheets. Geography. 1. Enslaved Africans came primarily from a region stretching from the Senegal River in northern Africa to Angola in the South. 2. Europeans divided this stretch of land into five coasts: Upper Guinea Coast: The area delineated by the Senegal and Gambia Rivers Mesopotamia is important because it witnessed crucial advancements in the development of human civilisation between 6000-1550 BC. The word 'mesopotamia' comes from the ancient words 'meso', which means 'middle', and 'potamos', which means 'river or stream'. Mesopotamia is the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (now Iraq, north-east.

Fun Facts - All About Mesopotami

In the Second Temple period, when Jewish authors were seeking to establish with greater precision the geographical definition of the Land, it became customary to construe Mount Hor of Num 34:7 as a reference to the Amanus range of the Taurus Mountains, which marked the northern limit of the Syrian plain (Bechard 2000, p. 205, note 98. Mesopotamia has been called the 'cradle of civilisation' because agriculture, animal herding and domestication developed there earlier than anywhere else, almost 8,000 years ago. By 3,000 BC, the. For kids who want to discover the roots of modern-day life, this issue is key. What most people don't know is that Mesopotamia includes the Sumerian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires, which followed one after another, from 3500 B.C. to 612 B.C., and all failed for different reasons Farming in most of Mesopotamia was a challenge. After all, away from the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, the region was mostly desert. The exception was the region in southern Mesopotamia where the Tigris and Euphrates deltas were. The delta region was covered with marshes and unbelievably rich soil

History: Ancient Mesopotamia for Kid

8000 BC Nomadic people settle in Mesopotamia. 6000-7000 BC People began to experiment pottery. 4500 BC Sumerian civilization begins. 2500 BC Assyrian civilization begins. 1700 BC Babylonia civilization begins. 1700 BC Hammurabi writes code of laws. Geography. located in Modern day Iraq. Northern Mesopotamia surrounded by hills and mountains a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates. Sargon Dikes city-state Phoenicians ziggurat Tigris River Euphrates River famine covenant social class Hammurabi scribe Mesopotamia domesticate cuneiform polytheism monotheism Fertile Crescent Assyria Judah Sumer.

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Mesopotamia government was a combination of a monarchy and a democracy. 19. Before becoming a civilization, the people of Mesopotamia were farmers. 20. 21. The people of Ancient Mesopotamia inveneted the wheel. 22 Ancient Mesopotamia and the Hebrew Bible Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization Ancient Egypt geography was centered around the Nile River. Ancient Egyptian civilization flourished as a result of the Nile's nourishment. From around 3200 B.C. onward Egypt, like Mesopotamia, became a powerful center of civilization in the ancient world; and exerted a powerful influence on the shaping of the history of Palestine and the Ancient Near East Geographical facts about Iraq. 21. Iraq is a Middle Eastern country, officially called the Republic of Iraq. 22. Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, is situated in the eastern central region of the country.. 23. Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring 58 km on the northern Persian Gulf.. 24. The Tigris and Euphrates are the two major rivers of Iraq. These rivers contribute significantly. Seterra Geography. - The Ultimate Map Quiz Site. Become a geography expert and have fun at the same time! Seterra is an entertaining and educational geography game that gives you access to over 400 customizable quizzes. Seterra will challenge you with quizzes about countries, capitals, flags, oceans, lakes and more Fast facts. Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran Capital city: Tehran Population: 84,923,314 Area: 1,648,195 sq km Major languages: Persian Farsi, Azeri and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic Time zone: UTC+3:30 (Iranian Standard Time) - Source: CIA World Fact Book Interesting facts about Iran. 1. Iran is a country located in the Middle East and Asia.